Flitton Moor was bought by Bedfordshire County Council in 1987. At this time the site consisted of a patchwork of semi-improved neutral grassland and former arable land with mature pollarded willows along the northern ditch and a small wet woodland area to the north of the site.
A habitat creation project was begun in 1987 with the aim of creating a variety of habitats on site, particularly the fen and moor habitat which once extended over much of the Flit valley prior to agricultural improvements.
Two ponds were dug out and left to colonise naturally; a third was tried however this was not successful and has become a marshy depression. Some of the grassland areas were seeded with a grass and wildflower mix and some wildflowers planted. Shelter belts containing a variety of deciduous trees and osier beds were planted and the small areas of scrub/woodland were left to develop naturally. Two weirs were installed in the main northern drain to raise the water table. A grazing regime was established for the grassland compartments.
The Friends of Flitton Moor were formed in 2004 to help in the management and species recording of the Moor. The group is made up of local people from the villages of Flitton & Greenfield.
Flora – The site supports species typical of neutral grassland with species more characteristic of more acidic soils towards the north-west. The wetland flora of the ponds, marsh and ditches is of particular interest. More details are given in the 1990 & 1991 Vegetation Surveys and in the 1997 County Wildlife Site survey. No particularly rare species have been recorded at the site although the locally scarce green-winged orchid was seen in May 1993 in compartment 9.
Dragonflies – A survey in 1991 recorded 15 species; one of the best sites in the county. By 2003, all of these species were still recorded and one more had been added. The larger of the ponds is the most interesting.
Grasshoppers – to date eight species have been recorded on the site although a systematic survey has not been carried out; most are common and typical of rough grassland however there is a colony of Short-winged Conehead which is rare to the county.
Beetles - A 1995 survey found 180 species; one of these was the Notable a species found in rotten wood debris in the centre of a hollow willow trunk.
Butterflies and moths – The county butterfly records show 20 species have been recorded for Flitton Moor, ie most of the common species.
A survey of the moths was undertaken for the first time on this site in 2004 and 111 species were caught and identified